12 cool tips to help you stay healthy in the summer heat
Here are some tips to help you stay healthy during the summer heat:
1. Drink lots of fluids
Drink more fluids, regardless of your activity level. Do not wait until you are thirsty to drink. Stay away from very sweet or alcoholic drinks – they actually make you lose more body fluid. Also avoid very cold drinks, as they can cause stomach cramps. Heavy sweating removes salt and minerals from the body which must be replaced. A sports drink can replace the salt and minerals you lose when you sweat.
2. Wear appropriate clothing
Choose light, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
3. Keep cool indoors
Stay in an air-conditioned place as much as possible. If you don’t have air conditioning, call your local health department to see if there are shelters in your area. Keep in mind that due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there may be restrictions on places used to stay cool, such as local swimming pools, beaches, and shopping malls.
4. Electric fans may not prevent disease
Electric fans can provide comfort, but when the temperature reaches 90 degrees, they will not prevent heat-related illnesses. Taking a cool shower or bath, or moving to an air-conditioned place is a much better way to cool off.
5. Carefully plan outdoor activities
Try to limit your outdoor activities to the cooler hours, such as the morning and evening. Rest in shaded areas often so that your body has a chance to recover.
6. Pace yourself
7. Wear sunscreen
Sunburn affects your body’s ability to cool down and can make you dehydrated. If you must go out, protect yourself from the sun by wearing a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and applying SPF 15 or higher sunscreen 30 minutes before going out. Continue to reapply it according to the directions on the package.
8. Avoid hot and heavy meals
9. Do not leave children and animals in the cars.
10. Keep your pets hydrated and check if the pavement is warm.
11. Watch for people at high risk
Although anyone can suffer from heat-related illnesses at any time, some people are at higher risk than others, including infants and young children, people 65 years of age or older, overweight people, people who strain too much during work or exercise, people who are physically ill, especially with heart disease or high blood pressure, or who take certain medications, such as for depression, insomnia or poor circulation.
12. Know the signs of heat-related illnesses