Deep blackheads: causes, treatment and prevention
Some blackheads are deeper than others and may be more difficult to remove. However, some treatments can be effective in getting rid of deep blackheads.
Blackheads are dark lesions that appear on the surface of the skin. They occur when the pores of the skin become clogged with dead cells and oily secretions.
Read on for information on the causes, treatment, and prevention of deep blackheads.
Blackheads are a symptom of acne, a common condition that affects the pores of the skin. While some people may have additional signs of acne, such as inflammation buttons, others may just have blackheads.
When a person has acne, their skin pores can become clogged with a mixture of sebum and dead skin cells. The pores that contain these trapped plugs are called comedones.
If a comedone is open on the surface of the skin, it appears as a black lesion because the trapped material oxidizes. As a result, people often refer to open comedones as blackheads. Some blackheads form particularly deep in the skin.
Some people can be particularly prone to deep blackheads. Researchers have found some evidence that a person is more likely to develop acne if they:
- are a teenager
- have a family history of acne
- are menstruating
- experience stress
As acne occurs due to an overproduction of sebum, deep blackheads often appear in areas that have a higher concentration of sebaceous glands.
The sebaceous glands are small glands in the skin responsible for the production of sebum.
The highest concentrations of sebaceous glands are found in the scalp, forehead and face, which is why acne mainly affects this area of the body.
Deep blackheads most often occur on the face, but they can also appear on other parts of the body, such as the neck, back, chest, shoulders, and arms.
Different treatment options exist for deep blackheads, although not all of them have been studied extensively. Some of the more common treatment options include:
A healthcare professional will often recommend topical acne treatments, which can also treat deep blackheads.
People apply topical treatments directly to the affected area of the skin. They usually come in the form of a gel, cream, lotion, or wash.
Examples of topical treatments include:
- azelaic acid
- benzoyl peroxide
- chemical peels, using hydroxy acids
- hydrogen peroxide
Some topical acne medications are particularly effective in treating deep blackheads. For example, research has shown that
Topical medications are easy to use and are often available over the counter. however,
- azelaic acid
- benzoyl peroxide
Oral antibiotic treatment
Not everyone responds well to topical medications. These treatments may be ineffective or less suitable for people with more severe acne or on a more difficult part of the body, such as the back.
In these cases, health professionals
Some dermatologists recommend manual extraction of particularly deep blackheads, which requires the use of specialized comedone extraction tools.
People should not attempt blackhead removal at home because there is a high risk of infection or scarring. A professional dermatologist can safely extract deep blackheads and offer aftercare advice.
It is also important to avoid tightening the skin to remove blackheads, as this can damage the skin and make its appearance worse.
- tea tree oil
- jojoba oil
- aloe vera
- green tea
Learn more about home remedies for acne here.
Although more research is needed, there is some evidence that certain strategies can help prevent blackheads.
Research suggests that dietary changes may help some people prevent or manage deep blackheads.
For example, there is proof to suggest that diets with a high glycemic load could make acne worse.
Glycemic load is a measurement that takes into account the amount of carbohydrate in a serving of food and how quickly that food raises blood sugar. Foods with a high glycemic load include:
- certain types of bread, such as white bread and French baguette
- some processed breakfast cereals
- cakes and cookies
- sugary drinks, such as soda and energy drinks
Learn more about low glycemic load diets here.
Researchers have also shown that consuming milk
Taken together, these results indicate that reducing dairy consumption and blood sugar load may inhibit the development of deep blackheads.
Stress can make acne worse. Some people may find that using stress management techniques helps reduce skin problems, such as acne or eczema.
Skin hygiene is also important. Regular washing of the face can reduce the build-up of sebum and dead skin cells in the pores.
Learn more about safe and effective face washing here.
Deeper blackheads can be difficult to remove at home. If someone has tried removing deep blackheads and was unsuccessful, they may want to see a dermatologist.
Although blackheads don’t necessarily require treatment, sometimes they can affect a person’s well-being. A
If someone is concerned that their blackheads are negatively affecting their Mental Health, they may find it helpful to discuss this with an advisor.
A doctor may prescribe medication to help treat persistent or severe acne.
Blackheads are a common feature of acne, and some can be deeper than others. They are more likely to occur on and around the face.
Many people who develop blackheads want to get rid of them at home, but the deeper the blackheads, the more difficult it can be to remove them safely.
A range of home remedies and medical treatments can help treat deep blackheads, while dietary and lifestyle changes can help prevent them from developing. A dermatologist or doctor can prescribe treatments for very deep blackheads or severe acne.