How different vitamins affect the body
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin): It works with other B vitamins by promoting the growth and production of red blood cells.
Vitamin B3 (niacin): Helps convert food into energy. It is also essential for the proper functioning of the skin, blood cells, brain and nervous system.
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid): Helps make lipids, neurotransmitters, steroid hormones and hemoglobin in the body.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine): This vitamin may reduce the risk of heart disease by helping to lower homocysteine levels. It also helps convert tryptophan into niacin and serotonin, a mood-regulating neurotransmitter.
Vitamin B9 (folic acid): Vital for the creation of new cells, it helps prevent birth defects of the brain and spine when taken early in pregnancy. It may also reduce the risk of colon cancer.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin): Vitamin B12 is important for metabolism and energy production. It also helps form red blood cells and maintain the central nervous system.
Biotin: Biotin helps metabolize proteins and carbohydrates. It also promotes healthy bones and hair.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid): It is an important antioxidant that promotes healthy teeth and gums. It also helps the body absorb iron and maintain healthy tissue by promoting wound healing. Vitamin C can help boost the immune system to help prevent or cure disease.
Vitamin D (calciferol): Also known as the “sunshine vitamin,” vitamin D is made in the body after individuals spend time in the sun. It’s hard to get enough vitamin D from food sources alone. Vitamin D also helps the body absorb calcium, which is vital for healthy bones and teeth.
Vitamin E (tocopherol): An antioxidant that helps the body form red blood cells and use vitamin K. Scientists are also investigating a potential relationship between vitamin E and a lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
Vitamin K (menadione): Vitamin K activates proteins and calcium essential for blood clotting. It can also help prevent hip fractures.